December 21, 2014
Edgar Rice Burroughs And The Ben-Day Dots
Over the years I have come to wonder why Tarzan was such an immediate success. The premiss on the face of it is absurd. While fascinating it requires such a huge suspension of disbelief as to be staggering. Perhaps that is why such a significant percentage of his contemporary readers were revolted by ERB’s work. He had to put up with a tremendous amount of abuse although his acceptance was greater than his rejection. Something had to prepare the way for that acceptance nevertheless.
The discovery of the unconscious that became prominent in the second half of the nineteenth century certainly opened the way for the strange and bizarre. It is not a coincidence that spiritualism and the paranormal became prominent at that time. Along with those came the rise of science fiction and fantasy. Tarzan is fantasy fiction while the Mars series of Burroughs is fantasy sci-fi.
Monsters like Dracula and Jekyll and Hyde established themselves in the popular imagination. Anthony Hope’s Prisoner of Zenda and the Graustark knock off by George Barr McCutcheon entranced ERB to the point of distraction. Jules Verne, of course, and the Oz stories of L. Frank Baum. When it came to the Mars stories ERB was merely the best exemplar of what by 1911 was an established genre.
The public mind was being softened to accept not only the incredible but the impossible.
Printing improvements made both half tone and color illustration less costly and easier to produce. Is it any wonder that ERB’s period is one of astonishing illustrators. Remember that ERB tried to be a cartoonist himself before he took up writing. His goal was judging from his drawings to be a political cartoonist.
Thus one can only presume he followed book illustrators avidly. Arthur Rackham was knocking them dead while Denslow’s and John R. Neill’s Oz illustrations must have wowed the envious Burroughs. N.C. Wyeth must have blown his mind.
More importantly than the book illustrators though were the emergent four color Sunday Funnies of the newspapers in 1895. They were so exotic and strange even in my childhood but at the time they must have seemed incredible. Of course I had no idea what made them seem exotic. In fact, I had never heard of Ben-Day dots until the fabulous personality posters of the Sixties exploited them.
According to Wikipedia on the subject:
The Ben-Day printing process, named after illustrator and printer Benjamin Henry Day, Jr., is a technique dating from 1879. Depending on the effect, color and optical illusion needed, small colored dots are closely spaced, widely spaced or overlapping. Magenta dots, for example, are widely spaced to create pink. Pulp comic books of the 1950s and 1960s used Ben-Day dots in the four process colors (cyan, magenta, yellow and black) to inexpensively create shading and secondary colors such as green, purple, orange and flesh tones.
The Sunday Funnies thus must have had an astonishing effect on contemporary minds. As the comics Bill Hillman has reproduced on his site, ERBzine, indicate ERB was an avid follower of the genre. His earth borer used by David Innes in the Pellucidar series was most likely cadged from a comic strip.
Seeking relief from those long weary job hunting days of the first decade ERB sought relief by hanging around the Chicago Public Library. He was a card carrying member too. Who knows what volumes he borrowed or browsed through on the spot. The Library would have had its racks of the country’s newspapers on display including those of NYC. Thus ERB would have been familiar with the comic strips of Winsor McCay, The Dreams of the Rarebit Fiend and Little Nemo in Slumberland. Himself an avid dreamer, very familiar with nightmares, ERB must have relished McCay’s work.
As it so happens McCay’s two most famous strips have a prominent place in the history of comics. In fact, just recently the Taschen Publishers issued a one volume complete collection in four color Ben-Day dots of the Little Nemo strip. At a size of 20 x 14 the strips are magnificently displayed. The accompanying 150 page text by Alexander Braun is a wonderful history of the period pointing out many developments that undoubtedly influenced ERB forming a background to his writing. Braun has a touch of genius too. Many strips of the The Dreams of the Rarebit Fiend are included in the ancillary volume, some full page.
The Rarebit Fiend strip began a little earlier than the Little Nemo strip of 1905. Thus both strips were running during 1905-09, the period of ERB’s deepest despondency. I will show how both strips are reflected in ERB’s writing.
To take the Dreams of the Rarebit Fiend first. Rarebit refers to the culinary dish Welsh Rarebit frequently referred to as Welsh Rabbit. The dish is simply melted cheese on bread although it can be a fondue. In the strip the dreamer overeats before bedtime producing a nightmare. The dreamers are all different while some of the nightmares are quite astonishing.
Burroughs’ emulation appears in Jungle Tales Of Tarzan in the story Tarzan’s first nightmare in which Tarzan overeats having the subsequent nightmare. My first reaction to the story was that Burroughs had been reading Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams. While he may have been I think McCay’s strip was a stronger or more immediate influence.
The Little Nemo in Slumberland influence appears in ERB’s first serious effort, Minidoka, put in a drawer and not published until 1998 by Dark Horse Comics.
The consensus seems to be that Burroughs wrote this short work c. 1905. The reasoning seems to be that because Burroughs wrote the story on stationery from this period that that proves it was written at that date. However ERB was an inveterate collector, read packrat, until he says he overcame the disease in the early twenties. So he says. So ERB was reluctant to throw anything away. The stationery proves nothing.
I have maintained that ERB wrote Minidoka c. 1908-09 based on internal evidence. We can now add the evidence of Winsor McCay’s Little Nemo in Slumberland strip. As the title implies this strip also revolves around dreams. It has a haunting surrealistic feel filled with strange characters and dream effects.
As I say, ERB haunted the Chicago library from 1905 to 1911 when he began writing The Princess of Mars. Thus he would have heard of the strip which was quite famous while following it at least periodically.
Minidoka reflects a Little Nemo quality. Little Nemo would then have been the catalyst that got Burroughs writing as he tried to emulate it in prose. As usual ERB combines a multitude of influences. He even states that the work is written in Ragtime Talk which meshes quite well with McCay.
Minidoka in itself can qualify as surrealistic before surrealism as does Mccay. That would not be extraordinary as the period from, say, 1880-1910 had a unified outlook not unlike the Sixties music scene when all bands played around a central motif.
As the work couldn’t have been written without McCay influence that places its probable composition date firmly in the 1908-10 range.
I heartily recommend the Taschen Little Nemo as an example of the current bookmaker’s art as well as for the astounding work of Winsor McCay. This rather astonishing video is available demonstrating McCay’s drawing expertise while showing him as the film creator of animation. He not only influenced Burroughs but Walt Disney said his own work would not have been possible without McCay.
A 1998 Japanese made movie called Little Nemo’s Adventures In Slumberland is available on Netflix. Ray Bradbury, no less, provided the story line.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kcSp2ej2S00 There are numerous other videos too.
December 17, 2014
Henry Ford And Albert Lasker
Gunther, John: Taken At The Flood, The Story Of Albert D. Lasker, 1960, Harper, NYC
Hoover, Herbert: Memoirs Of Herbert Hoover: The Great Depression 1929-1941, 1952, MacMillan Company, NYC
Weir, Alison: Against Our Better Judgment: 2014, Self-published.
Schmidt, Sarah, The Parushim: A Secret Episode In American Zionist History, http://ifamericansknew.org/history/parushim.html
Tugwell, Rexford: The Brains Trust, 1968, The Viking Press, NYC
Woeste, Victoria Saker: Henry Ford’s War On The Jews And The Legal Battle Against Hate Speech, 2012, Stanford U. Press, Palo Alto
In 1924 Harold Gray sat down and drew the first panels of his new comic strip. A comic strip that outlived him. Yes, Little Orphan Annie made her first appearance in the newspapers. It was in 1948 that I spread the newspaper out on the floor and made my acquaintance with the little orphan girl and her dog Sandy. I myself had just gotten out of the orphanage so there was an instant bonding.
I hadn’t been reading the strip for too long before the most fascinating character of the comics ever made his appearance. Daddy Warbucks stepped on stage. Warbucks, what a name. Did he make his incredible fortune making munitions in WWI? If so, it was only implied.
Warbucks was tall and slim, supremely confident with an incongruous joyish attitude. I mean this guy killed people who got in his way as a matter of course. Imagine trying to reconcile murder with business as usual in a young boy’s mind. He had his own private army with two killer sidekicks. The sinister looking Asp and the jovial giant East Indian, Punjab. If your transgression was mild Punjab waved his cape over you and you disappeared. If you made Warbucks angry The Asp pulled out his stiletto and you heard a splash. The Asp always killed near water. Daddy knew how to manage his affairs.
Warbucks was fabulous. He had his own grotto where he moored his own private submarine. He had unlimited cash so he was able to maintain his own secret service. I wasn’t aware enough then but now I think that Daddy Warbucks was modeled on the great industrialist Henry Ford. Henry didn’t have a submarine, but he owned a fleet of Great Lakes ore ships, sort of his own personal navy, with a big F-O-R-D blazoned on the sides you could read a mile or more away. He even had his own personal river up which his ships delivered the ore from his own personal iron mines.
His estate was upstream a bit on the River Rouge, his river, just above the incredible turn around basin he dug so his ships could go back out on the lakes to pick up more iron ore to keep his Model Ts chugging out the other end of the most astonishing factory in the world. One time he unloaded the ore into his huge River Rouge factory and 24 hours later a brand new Model T rolled out the other end. Daddy Warbucks had nothing on Henry Ford.
While the rest of us had to settle for our little electric train sets Henry owned his own personal real life railroad, locomotives, cars and all, real smoke. Henry was pictured sitting on the coal from his own mines in his own coal car playing the harmonica as he chugged on down the line. How cool was that?
Better yet, like Daddy Warbucks, he had his own secret service, the Service Department of Ford Motors led by his own intrepid Edgar Hoover, Harry Bennett. I’m tellin ya, that guy Henry was on the spot, heck, he was the spot. During the twenties he needed a secret service what with kidnappers, bootleggers, the Jewish Purple Gang, the Italian Mafia, and numerous other free lancers going around, labor fanatics waving bombs in the air, it paid to sniff things out.
Shots flying here and there, rough times in Detroit City. All Henry wanted to do was make his cars, not battle in a war zone. And then when the Jews began to war with him he sent his force out to gather incriminating evidence of their activities against him.
Of course the Jews reviled him for defending himself with his Service Department although of course they had no room to talk being awash in paramilitary and terrorists groups themselves. They even had their own personal shadow government conspiring for a quiet takeover of the country. Henry took them a step further pointing out that they had an international government working toward a takeover of Europe and the Americas. He was right too.
All US histories have excised the Jewish influence on politics and social affairs. To mention them is to be defamed as an ‘anti-Semitist.’ Jewish histories written by Jews for Jews are quite explicit. They are seldom read either by Jews or gois. Copies are sent free to libraries however they are seldom and quite often never checked out, even have the presentation slips inside. If they are read they tell a clear tale of Jewish activities.
In point of fact there was and is an international Jewish government.
In the nineteenth century the government was run from France by the Alliance Israelite Universelle. During the first years of the nineteenth century the US was disregarded as a fledgling country while the ocean transit was difficult in small sailing ships. However as the century progressed the country blossomed, large capacity steel ships replaced the wooden ones and failed revolutions like that of 1848 displaced Jews sending them to the US. With the industrial development after the Civil War it was realized that Jewry could be more effectively directed from the US with much better security. Hence beginning in the 1870s the European Jewish population began to be transferred to the US while in 1898 the Alliance Israelite Universelle was shipped from Paris to New York City transferring the Jewish world capital to the latter city. International Jewish activities began to multiply.
A big one was the International Order of B’nai B’rith in the US. It was organized in 1843 but having branches throughout Europe by 1900. The Vienna branch was a key lodge as it was joined by Sigmund Freud in 1895. He remained a lifelong member. Freud was beginning his psychological career at that time. Nineteen years later his system of psycho-analysis was the standard of the emerging discipline.
His influence on world affairs through his association with B’nai B’rith would be increasingly felt throughout the twentieth century. He was essential to forming the Jewish ideology through the death of Roosevelt in 1945.
Now, the Jews had been awaiting a messiah to redeem them for two thousand years. The last bona fide messianic candidate, Sabbatai Zevi failed them in 1666. Unwilling to place their hopes in a single individual the Elders then evolved the notion that the Redemption would come from the whole people. The years set for the Redemption or Jewish Revolution were from 1913 to 1928. As Ford understood, the events in all countries of Europe and North America were coordinated. The two key events of the plan were the assumption of the control of US currency in 1913 through the creation of the Federal Reserve and the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia of 1917. Both countries were seemingly secured although the US Redemption was about to be consummated but was aborted by FDR’s death in 1945.
The history of the Jews in the US from 1900 to 1945 then is the progression or realization of their goal. The first key event of their plan was the fortuitous election of Woodrow Wilson in 1912. Had Theodore Roosevelt not split the Republican vote by his Bull Moose third party candidature William Howard Taft would have been reelected and the Republican program perfected.
As it was the American public clearly did not want Wilson as President as his vote was half that of the combined Roosevelt-Taft total. He got in by a fluke proceeding to begin elaborating a socialist government he called the New Freedom. His administration was a virtual partnership with the Jews who assumed a position of power in his government through 1920.
One of the first acts Wilson performed in 1913 was to sign into law The Federal Reserve System. In recent years it has been publicized to an increasing extent that the Federal Reserve is not an agency of the US government; it is a private corporation wholly owned and operated by nine international Jewish banks in both the US and Europe with a Rockefeller interest being the tenth thus forming a minyan.
The US monetary affairs had previously been managed by the J. P. Morgan interests also from NYC. The Jews thus switched that responsibility from the Morgans and also beyond the control of the US president who had no authority over it or influence on it. When the Fed engineered the Crash of ’29 Herbert Hoover the president bitterly remarked that the Fed had been placed outside of governmental and presidential control specifically to prevent such debacles while guaranteeing that under the Fed they could never again happen. Woody blew it there, bless the Democrats.
In preparation for WW1 the remaining components of the Jewish government were transferred from Germany to the US.
Now, the Federal Reserve is responsible for the currency of the US so that the Fed actually issues the currency then loans it to the government, that is the citizens, for their use at interest. Thus the Jews earn interest on every dollar in circulation. As the currency standard for the world you will understand how many trillions are now out at interest. At the time the upcoming war would expand the currency in circulation exponentially thus providing huge interest to the Jews. This is a key point because Jewish activities during the redemption would require more money than the Jews could ever have raised on their own. While so-called Jewish charity did raise a few millions that was nothing compared to their financial needs. Remember the Jews were supporting dozens of committees and congresses such as the American Jewish Committee at enormous expense as well as hundreds of synagogues along with their rabbis
Organized crime provided huge sums while Prohibition was a positive godsend. All those criminals are buried in consecrated ground. Today a museum in Las Vegas has been built to enshrine the activities of Jewish criminals. No stigma attached.
Organized crime was important to the Jewish program but so were legal activities. Thus it was that in 1916 Wilson appointed Louis Brandeis to the Supreme Court of the United States. This was a break with the past as formerly the court was all Anglo. As imperfect as his appointment was, the fact that Brandeis was a Zionist was even more important. Zionism was and is in conflict with what was then the American system now almost completely eroded.
Perhaps it was not known to Wilson that Brandeis had the dual identity, or perhaps he did and was complicit. An objector to Brandeis’ appointment described him as ‘a man who had certain high ideals in his imagination, but who is actually unscrupulous in reaching them.’ What the objector was describing is what is known as a justified sinner; that is one who is ‘saved’ in Christian terms at birth and thus can be as unscrupulous as he likes to satisfy his desires without sacrificing his guaranteed redemption. The objector might as well have been describing the whole Jewish belief system, essentially the end justifies the means.
The drum roll began to establish a reputation for Brandeis as the greatest living jurist and the purest man alive. Actually Brandeis was a ringleader of both Zionism and the Jewish Revolution. Using his status as a Supreme Court justice one of the first things he did was buy a professorship at Harvard for his lieutenant Felix Frankfurter. The drum roll then began to portray Frankfurter as one of the wisest legal scholars backed by his professorship at Harvard.
Thus he and Brandeis became two secular saints of both societies.
Frankfurter then began recruiting a cadre of acolytes to further Jewish objectives. Over the next twenty years Frankfurter assembled the cadre that became important when Roosevelt brought the Jews back to DC. No sooner installed than Frankfurter filled the Dept. of Agriculture with his acolytes. Thus in one fell swoop he completed the program fostered by Aaron Sapiro that was temporarily frustrated by Henry Ford from 1924-27.
A key event in the establishment of Jewish supremacy was the trial of Leo Frank from 1913-15.
The Leo Frank Affair
The Leo Frank affair is a very important event in the Jewish calendar. They never tire at bringing it up while it had long ranging repercussions.
For those unfamiliar with the story Leo Frank was a Jewish businessman living in Atlanta Georgia. While his personal life is carefully avoided he is depicted as a Jewish secular saint who never did nobody no harm. Contrarily he was described as a sexual pervert. He employed young girls to make his pencils. By young girls we are talking child labor, pre-pubescent and pubescent. So our secular saint was exploiting young children to line his pockets. The temptation of all those young girls may have been too strong for his resistance. On this occasion he called fourteen year old Mary Phagan to the factory on a Saturday when he was alone in the office, all others being absent, to pick up her paycheck. Probably the amount was 1.86 or some such ridiculously low figure as that.
None saw Mary pick up the check obviously, but she was discovered in the basement on Monday murdered. Frank tried to pin the crime on a Negro janitor. Of course there was no hard evidence as to who had committed the crime but Frank was condemned as the perpetrator.
Why call the girl back to get her paycheck on Saturday after all the others? Frank was tried in an American court of law and found guilty. Louis Marshall, president of the American Jewish Committee, considered the conviction and death sentence as an anti-Semitic act somewhat like the blood libel. Frank had been convicted solely because he was a Jew in Marshall’s eyes. Marshall then began to organize a committee to free Frank.
Marshall was the president of the AJC, the AJC was the most important Jewish organization at the time as it is now. It has always kept a low profile or semi-secret existence. My wife’s aunt who was very active in Jewish affairs and the civil rights movement had never heard of the AJC until I told her about it which I find stunningly remarkable.
Mr. Marshall was a lawyer as well as president of the AJC. In his lawyer guise he frequently accuses opponents of being ignorant of the law, yet on page 295 of his Champion of Liberty he says ‘…I am morally convinced that the young man is innocent.’ I have no idea what legal standing being morally convinced of innocence is but I rather imagine, slight.
On p. 297 he writes: It is desirable to eliminate from consideration of the case, that Frank is a Jew. The important thing to consider is, that he was a respected industrious, law-abiding citizen…’
The question is a legal one not a question of the status of Frank’s reputation. In fact there was some question as to whether Frank was a sexual pervert. Certainly his desire to be alone with Mary in his factory, a poor defenseless very young girl, might tend to confirm the opinion. I am morally convinced this was so.
Marshall sets the wheels in motion in his attempt to reverse the conviction. In his reply to the letter from Judge Irving Lehman he further goes on to write, p. 295: “Obviously it would be most unfortunate if anything were done in this case from the standpoint of the Jews. Whatever is to be done must be done as a matter of justice and any action that is to be taken should emanate from non-Jewish sources.”
So, Mr. Marshall is falsely going to act on justice rather than the fact that Frank is a Jew. He is going to conceal the fact while getting non-Jewish persons to front for him. He apparently believes that if Frank were not a Jew the murder would be let drop. On the other hand he seems to feel that Frank has been convicted solely because he is was a Jew not a rapist murderer. Apparently overlooking the dead child he believes a Christian would never have been convicted. Thus it is not a matter of justice but a question of the religion of the murderer but we’re not going to talk about that.
While recruiting a Christian front group to mislead the actual actors Marshall also recruits, one might almost say commands, a Jewish cadre of activists. Now, Marshall was convinced or said so that the Frank case was the most important case since the Dreyfus Affair in France of the 1890s. Dreyfus was a Jewish spy in the French army who was originally convicted but after a furious publicity campaign by the Jews using French front men they had the decision reversed a few years later. It was then that the important French novelist Emile Zola was recruited as a front issuing his famous J’ accuse letter. One guesses that the Dreyfus campaign was the model for the Frank case.
Of the variety of Jews recruited to act behind the front one was the advertising executive from Chicago, Albert Lasker. Today both Marshall and Lasker have been obscured by time and may for practical matters be considered forgotten. Yet both men had significant roles during this time. Lasker as a young man entering his twenties at the turn of the century took a job with a Chicago advertising firm Lord and Thomas. At the turn of the twentieth century advertising had nowhere near the importance or prominence that it has today. Lasker joined the firm just as the advertising industry was about to develop. Lord and Thomas, the founders, were men of the nineteenth century not having yet learned of the psychological learning developing under their noses. Advertising was more educative at the time and less propagandistic. Lasker would develop newer methods based on propaganda and psychology.
We are not too concerned with his work on the Frank case although its work would require a leave of absence from his agency that would continue through the Aaron Sapiro legal battle with Henry Ford. Lasker was much involved in Sapiro’s attempt at a Jewish food monopoly.
The question that is never addressed by goi historians and not fully disguised by the Jewish historians is what were the Jews doing after emancipation. The two key American agencies after 1913 were the American Jewish Committee and the Order of B’nai B’rith while Freud’s psychoanalytic Order played in the background. One should not underestimate the Freudian conspiracy and its activities in Central and Eastern Europe.
Organization stepped up after the inauguration of Wilson in 1913. Brandeis and Frankfurt would be key players from Wilson through FDR. Alison Weir gives some indication of the basic Jewish attitude in her Against Our Better Judgment in her discussion of a Jewish revolutionary group called the Parushim of 1913 and on.
This was a Jewish guerilla group formed as an order with elaborate oaths. As reported by Miss Weir:
“You are about to take a step which will bind you to a single cause for all your life. You will for one year be subject to an absolute duty whose call you will be compelled to heed at any time in any place and at any cost. And ever after until our purpose shall be accomplished you will be fellow of a brotherhood whose bond you will regard as greater than any other in your life- dearer than that of family, or school, or nation.”
Horace Kallen the author of the Order made Louis Brandeis, before his Supreme Court appointment, an honorary member. Brandeis’ acceptance may have been more political in nature while as an honorary member he may not have felt bound by the oath, nevertheless as a Supreme Court justice he had pledged himself to an authority higher than the ‘nation’ and actually US law. Of course he had pledged himself as a Zionist to that end. Judaism uber alles.
Whether or not Lasker had pledged himself to the Parushim, as an ardent Jew and Zionist he also would have the same attitude as Brandeis and Frankfurter. After his activities in the Leo Frank case Lasker devoted several years to Jewish activities, the Lord and Thomas interests being managed by his surrogates.
Bearing the Parushim oath in mind, in 1924 Henry Ford used his newspaper to expose the activities of Aaron Sapiro, a Jewish lawyer organizing North American agricultural cooperatives leading to the Jewish goal. According to Ford’s researchers, a competent corps of men, Sapiro was aided in devising the co-op movement by Bernard Baruch, Lasker and Eugene Meyer.
As noted Sapiro had been recruited by the co-op plans deviser, David Lubin. The first step in the plan had been the organization of the Jewish orange growers of Sacramento. Lasker had been called in to promote the sale of oranges which he successfully did, thus it seems that he would have known both Lubin and Sapiro and probably was clued to the plan thus there should be no surprise that he was subsequently involved as Ford’s articles indicated.
Bernard Baruch, the King of the Shadows, served as a commodity expert in the Wilson administration thus he would have been very useful in forming these co-ops of commodities. Working from the shadows Baruch had more power than one would believe. As an instance FDR had to take him into account because as FDR said, he owned sixty congressmen. That almost amounts to a shadow government. Of course you will never learn that from Baruch’s autobiography.
Eugene Meyer was president of the Federal Reserve which would have been very useful although gaining information on him has been difficult.
One must believe that Ford’s exposure made Sapiro’s co-op organizing difficult although his influence was in decline after David Lubin’s death in 1919. Apparently Lubin’s direction was essential. Thus Ford’s exposure was effective regardless of any results of Sapiro’s lawsuit. However the agriculture issue was not settled by Sapiro’s defeat.
As noted Brandeis was given terrific influence over American political affairs when Wilson appointed him a Supreme Court justice. Like Baruch he was a major influence in forcing Jewish affairs forward leading a double life.
Brandeis, in whose honor Brandeis University was is named, bought a Harvard professorship for his disciple Felix Frankfurter. The drum roll then began to blazon Frankfurter as well as his master as the greatest legal minds the world had ever seen. Frankfurter himself began to indoctrinate decades of students, Jew and goi alike in the goals of Parushim. Thus the oaths terms ‘on behalf of the Jews, my [own] people, and of mankind’ were inserted to include not only Jews but any of the goyim Frankfurter might seduce. Plus Frankfurter could control to a great extent who was at the top of their class and who was at the bottom.
Brandeis and Frankfurter were rewarded in 1933 when Roosevelt was inaugurated. Frankfurter immediately filled the Dept. of Agriculture with his disciples, none of whom were farmers. One of the first acts of the Roosevelt administration was the passing the Agricultural Adjustment Act- the AAA. Thus although temporarily derailed in the mid-twenties by Ford, in 1933 the Jews obtained more under Roosevelt than they could have by the laborious and patient work of Sapiro, Baruch, Lasker and Meyer.
Of course the AAA was declared unconstitutional in 1935 by the Supreme Court confirming Ford’s opinion of the plan but that was nullified in after years by its implementation step by step anyway.
It is probable that Ford never met Albert Lasker but their lives touched indirectly.